Stop New Human Immunodeficiency Virus (AIDS) Infections
Stop New Human Immunodeficiency Virus (AIDS) Infections5/12/2018
On 1 December of every year, the Sultanate joins global partners to commemorate World AIDS Day under the theme “Know Your Status”. This year’s theme aim to urge people to know their HIV infection status through testing, and to access HIV prevention, treatment and care services; in addition to urge policy-makers to promote a “health for all” agenda for HIV and related health services, such as tuberculosis (TB), hepatitis and non-communicable diseases.
Most new diagnosed cases of HIV were detected late after being infected, according to the statistics. Therefore, HIV testing is essential for the prevention efforts. The Antiretroviral (ART) treatment is more effective if initiated in the person living with HIV before occurrence of symptoms as it contributes significantly to reducing HIV infection and consequently decreasing risk of opportunistic infections as well as HIV/AIDS-related cancers. Moreover, regular adherence to the ART therapy reduces risk of HIV transmission among community members.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the stage of infection. Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months, many are unaware of their status until later stages. The first few weeks after initial infection, individuals may experience no symptoms or an influenza-like illness including fever, headache, rash, or sore throat.