The Ministry of Health (MOH), represented by the Department of Non-Communicable Diseases launched today (Wednesday) the 20-Year Cancer Incidence in Oman Report (1996 – 2015) under the patronage of H.E. Dr. Ahmed bin Mohammed Al-Saidi, Minister of Health in the presence of Dr. Ahmed bin Salim Al-Mandhri, Regional Director of World Health Organization for East Mediterranean.
The Department of Non-Communicable Diseases, represented by the National Cancer Record launched today reports of the cancer incidence rates in the Sultanate since 1996. The reports reveals the number of new cancer cases, types and the population distribution over the Sultanate according to the gender, geographical distribution, the cancer site and the number of cancers among non-Omanis.
This report is the first of its kind in the Sultanate indicating the number of recorded cases and the overall rate of cancer incidence among Omanis over the last twenty years.
The report contains five chapter; chapter one is an overview of the National Cancer Record and a comparison of cancer status between 1996 to 2015. The chapter two shows the cancer cases and rates among the Omani males and females during 1996 – 2015, while the third chapter shows the five most common cancers among Omanis (males & females). The fourth & fifth chapters indicate the distribution of cancer incidence according to the Governorates over 1996 to 2015 and 2006 to 2015, as well as the five most common cancers in these governorates.
According to the statistics of cancer incidence recorded from 1996 to 2015in the Sultanate, the detected cancer cases among Omanis reached 21002 cases including 10723 (51.1%) among males and 10279 (48.9%) among females. The annual average of cancer incidence is 125.7 per 100,000 inhabitants.
The report classified the five most common cancer types among Omanis (males & females) as follows; breast cancer, non - hodgkin lymphoma, leukemia, colorectal cancer and thyroid cancer respectively.
The reportcategorized the cancer types among males from 1996 to 2015, in which the prostate gland cancer was most common type among males, then the stomach cancer, non - hodgkin lymphoma, leukemia, colorectal cancer respectively.
For the females, during the same period, the breast cancer ranked in the first place among females followed by the thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, non-hodgkin lymphoma and leukemia cancer in the fifth rank.
It is worth mentioning that tobacco use, physical inactivity and unhealthy food are the risk factor of cancer.