MOH Statement on CCHF Cases in the Sultanate
MOH Statement on CCHF Cases in the Sultanate20/3/2017
Total of 9 Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) cases have been confirmed during the first quarter of this year (2017), four of them were Omani Nationals. The number of deaths reached 3 case fatality rate of about (37.5%). Compared with the same period of the last year (2016) where only 3 cases were confirmed, the current figures are noticeably high.
The Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is considered a top priority disease on the international and local level and should be reported within 24 hours. The CCHF is caused by a virus carried by the ticks. Animals like sheep, goats and cows become infected by the bite of infected ticks then it could be transmitted into human either by tick bites or by direct contact with the infected animals blood and tissues during or after slaughtering. Human-to-human transmission can occur resulting from close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons.
Symptoms appear suddenly including fever, muscle aches, dizziness, neck pain and stiffness, back pain, headache, sore eyes and photophobia (sensitivity to light). There may be also nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and sore throat early on, followed by sharp mood swings and confusion.
Considering the unavailability of safe and effective vaccine for human, the Ministry of Health (MOH) urges all people to adopt the preventive measures while handling animals. Purchased animals must be ensured free of ticks, when handling animals and their tissues be sure not to touch or crush or remove ticks by hand, wear protective clothings (long sleeves, long trousers) gloves and long shoes. Make sure to slaughter the animal in the approved municipal slaughterhouses, and dispose properly the slaughter waste by putting it in bags and throw it in their designated areas.
It moreover calls upon seeking medical advice when feeling any of the symptoms mentioned earlier and avoiding direct physical contact with infected people.